Most of the pictures were taken in northern Colorado and southern Wyoming. Many pictures were taken in Colorado's Lory State Park and Rocky Mountain National Park. Some were taken on trips to the southwest and Pacific northwest and some states in the east. (Everyone should see the wonderful variety of trilliums in southern Tennessee.)
There are several ways to access pictures of flowers: by common name, genus, family, color, fruit, and location. If you know a common name of a flower scroll over 'Search by' and then click on 'common name.' Or you might use the flower's color to find more information about a flower. Scroll over 'Search by' and then scroll over 'color' and then click on one of the color choices that is provided. Some pictures of flowers are also grouped by location. So, for example, to see pictures of flowers taken at Big Bend National Park go to 'search' and then to 'location' and then to 'Texas' and then click on 'Big Bend National Park.'
If you "Search by family" you can find a list of some families that include aquatics, a list of families that include prostrate plants, etc. You can also find a list of some families that have as members plants with bilabiate corollas, for example.
Click on "Glossary" at the top of this page to see comments about and illustrations of important botanical terms.
All of the common family names that are listed that begin with 'A' are found by scrolling over 'A' (to the right of 'Search by' at the top of the page). When you scroll over 'Acanthus' you can click on it and see members of the Acanthus family.
When you scroll over 'Cactus' (after scrolling over 'C') names such as 'Coryphantha' will appear to the right of it. When you click on 'Coryphantha' you will see flowers in the Coryphantha genus.
To find the scientific names for Fern families go to 'F' at the top of the home page (listing A-Z family names) and scroll down to 'Fern families.' To find the scientific names for Lichen families go to 'L' at the top of the home page (listing A-Z family names) and scroll down to 'Lichen families.' To find the scientific names of Moss families go to 'M' at the top of the page (listing A-Z family names) and scroll down to 'Moss famiies.'
If you click on 'red and pink' under a flower picture you will see pictures of red and pink flowers in one of the following six categories: i) red and pink shrubs, vines, trees, cacti, agave, aquatics; ii) red and pink elongated clusters; iii) red and pink rounded clusters; iv) red and pink odd-shaped flowers; v) red and pink simple-shaped flowers; and vi) red and pink daisy- and dandelion-like flowers. Pictures of flowers of other colors are treated in a similar way.
The Aster family, given its size, is divided into four sub-families that are determined by considering ray and disk flowers -- members of Aster subfamily 1 have no disk flowers, members of Aster subfamily 2 have disk flowers and non-yellow ray flowers, members of Aster subfamily 3 have disk flowers and yellow ray flowers, and members of Aster subfamily 4 have no ray flowers. I am using Janet Wingate's good method of determining Aster's subfamilies. (Given the size of Aster subfamily 3, it is divided into four groups.) The Mustard, Pea and Rose families, due to their size, are divided into two groups.
Standard conventions are followed when giving the species name for a plant. The first word in the name refers to the genus and is capitalized. The sceond word is not capitalized. So, for example, "Abies bifolia" names the species and "Abies" names the genus.
These books have been useful to me:
Flora of Colorado, Jennifer Ackerfield
Colorado Flora: Eastern Slope, 4th ed., William A. Weber and Ronald C. Wittmann
Colorado Flora; Western Slope, 4th ed., William A. Weber and Ronald C. Wittmann
Rocky Mountain Flora, ed. 2, James Ells
Rocky Mountain Flower Finder, Janet L. Wingate
Alpine Flower Finder, by Janet L. Wingate and Loraine Yeatts
Guide to Wildflowers, vols 1 and 2, by G. K. Guennel
Wildflowers of the Rocky Mountain Region, Denver Botanic Gardens
Meet the Natives, 11th ed. rev., by M. Walter Pesman and Dan Johnson
Botany in a Day, 6th ed., Thomas J. Elpel
Vascular Plants of Wyoming, ed. 3, by Robert D. Dorn
Wildflowers of Wyoming, by Diantha States and Jack States
Flora of the Yellowstone, by Whitney Tilt
Central Rocky Mountain Wildflowers: Including Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks, by H. Wayne Phillips
Wildflowers of Montana, by Donald Anthony Schiemann
Wildflowers of the Columbia Gorge, by Russ Jolley
Flora Neomexicana III, by Kelly W. Allred and Robert D. Ivey
Spring Wildflowers of New Mexico, William C. Martin and Charles R. Hutchins
Fall Wildflowers of New Mexico, William C. Martin and Charles R. Hutchins
Sonoran Desert Wildflowers, by Richard Spellenberg
Plants of Arizona, by Anne Orth Epple
Wildflowers of the United States: The Southwestern States, by Harold William Rickett
Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest, by Mark Turner and Phyllis Gustafson
Great Basin Wildflowers, by Laird R. Blackwell
Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians, by Dennis Horn et al.
A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and Northcentral North America, by Roger Tory Peterson and Margaret McKenny
Wildflowers of Arkansas, by Carl G. Hunter
Wildflowers of Texas, by Geyata Ajilvsgi
Northern Chihuahuan Desert Wildflowers, by Steve West
Little Big Bend, by Roy Morey
Cacti of Texas, by A. Michael Powell, James F. Weedin, and Shirley A. Powell
Mojave Desert Wildflowers, by Pam MacKay
Introduction to California Desert Wildflowers, by Philip A. Munz
Grasses of Colorado, by Robert B. Shaw
Plant Identification Terminology: an Illustrated Glossary, by James G. and Melinda Woolf Harris
Canyon Country Wildflowers, by Damian Fagan
Sandstone Country Wildflowers, by Anne Duri and Dave Montgomery
Sagebrush Country, by Ronald J. Taylor
A Rocky Mountain Lichen Primer, by James N. Corbridge and William A. Weber
Field Guide to the Lichens of White Rocks, by Erin A. Tripp
Bryophytes of Colorado: Mosses, Liverworts, and Hornworts, by William A. Weber and Ronald C. Wittmann
Mosses, Lichens and Ferns of Northwest North America, by Dale H. Vitt, Janet E. Marsh, and Robin B. Bovey
Trees and Shrubs of Colorado, by Jack L. Carter
Field Guide to Trees of North America, by George A. Petrides
Trees of Fort Collins, by Renee Galeano-Popp
Good wildflower websites:
This website is used by me to find scientific names for families and their genera: http://bonap.net/TDC
This website is used to find common names for flowers: plants.usda.gov
Click here to access the Fred's Wildflowers Facebook Group: